Before starting to automatize tests, you need to take a step back and define few aspects.
Consider the test team members
Depending on the test team members you need to think what kind of test scripts you are going to adopt. Depending on the tools like Tosca, UFT, Ranorex or Selenium, there are 3 ways of scripting:
- Record : This is a an easy way, but could be expensive to maintain. The profiles adopting this way of working are the Business Users.
- Script : This a fair quick way to script, and the maintenance is less expensive then using Record. It requires a Test Automation Expert to develop and to maintain them. Any tool is able to achieve the automation.
- Data Driven and Workflow : It requires both profile : business user and a test automation expert. This could take more time to implement but the maintenance is way easier and also scripts could be easily reused by the business user without requiring an expert.
- With HP, it will require BPT.
- Tosca is able to handle it if you use “modules”.
- Selenium and Cucumber or any other BDD are able to handle it. See a test factory as exemple.
- Ranorex is supporting the data driven part. But no workflow management.
Consider Manual vs Automated testing
You should not automate everything and keep some test cases for manual testing. To define which one should be automated, keep in mind the following:
- How much time the same script need to be repeated? If you are doing more than 4 times, you should automate.
- If your test are UAT (User acceptance test), exploratory test or complex with many asynchronous processes, you should consider manual test.
- Also when you prioritize the test cases based on their business criticality. More a test case is critical, more it should be automatized.
Consider Test Data Strategy
Ask yourself these following questions:
- Do you need real data with a state data based on a process? That means your data will change from the beginning until the end of the test. You may need a copy from a production database with data anonymization and a way to reset it. This could be a complicated task. You could also use advanced tool for Service Virtualization to avoid to copy database and have a instant “refresh”. But this path is also quiet expensive in license or in man days.
- Does your data drive the test? In other words, do you need more a copy of the database, but also “properties” data to drive all the test scenarios?
- Define the right set of data that covers all the business risks. When you generate all the test scenarios for the same workflow, you should ensure to optimize the number of scenarios without being systematic, otherwise it could fall in an exponential number of scenarios. See an example below:
Consider Test Script Maintenance
When you create automated test you will require later to maintain them for 3 main reasons :
- “Repair” test cases based on business changes.
- Enhance test cases based on issue found in UAT (User acceptance test) or later in Production.
- Optimize or correct test based on false positive errors.
Consider the right scripting tool
Based on all your SUT (System under test) technology. You need to find the right scripting tool depending on the features and your budget.